Laman utama The Anatomical Record Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology A stereoscopic atlas of human anatomy. By David L. Bassett. To appear in 8 sections of two to five...
The Anatomical Record Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology 1962 Vol. 142; Iss. 1
Memberitahu tentang masalahThis book has a different problem? Report it to us
Periksa Ya jika Periksa Ya jika Periksa Ya jika Periksa Ya jika
Anda dapat membuka file ini
file ini mengandung buku (termasuk juga komik)
Isi buku ini dapat diterima
Judul, Penulis, dan Bahasa file ini sesuai dengan deskripsi buku. Abaikan kolom lain, ini sekunder!
Periksa Tidak jika Periksa Tidak jika Periksa Tidak jika Periksa Tidak jika
- file ini rusak
- file ini dilindungi oleh DRM
- file ini bukan buku (misalnya xls, html, xml)
- file ini adalah artikel
- file ini adalah kutipan buku
- file ini adalah majalah
- file ini adalah tes kosong
- file ini adalah spam
Anda berpendapat bahwa isi buku ini tidak dapat diterima dan harus diblokir
Judul, Penulis, dan Bahasa file ini tidak sesuai dengan deskripsi buku. Abaikan kolom lain!
Change your answer
Books A STEREOSCOPIC ATLAS OF HUMAN ANATOMY. By David L. Bassett. To appear in 8 sections of two to five voIumes, illustrated by Viewmaster Stereoscopic Reels. Published by Sawyer’s, Portland, Oregon and Williams and Wilkins Company, Baltimore (5 sections available at present date). This magnificent Atlas is something quite new in anatomical illustration. Every detail visible in macroscopic dissection is shown in color and in three dimensions. The illustrations can be viewed by a single individual through a simple and inexpensive viewer or they can be projected before a class in a lecture room. The author is Professor of Anatomy at Washington State University School of Medicine and a well-known member of the American Association of Anatomists. He began the arduous task of making the superb dissection while at Stanford University and has had the fortunate collaboration of a master photographer, William B. Gruber. The Foreword by C. H. Danforth can well be cited as an example of what a foreword should be. It explains the background and usefulness of the work and is obviously not a piece of vicarious advertising although the name of its author might well be used for this purpose. It also expresses much of the mature philosophy of an anatomist and because it is clearly and succinctly written, we can do no better than quote it: “Everyone concerned with human anatomy has frequent occasion to refresh his mind on one or another aspect of the subject, but it is not often that he can view the appropriate dissection at a moment’s notice. The present atlas makes this possible to a greater degree, and in a more pleasing form, than anything of its kind thus far devised. Here the student or the clinician can review a single dissection, a series of steps in a carefully planned exploratory sequence, the delicate internal architecture of a bone, or an illusive fiber tract, all in full perspective and in the coloring of well-preserved laboratory material. “Adequate labeling is provided in sketches based on tracings of the o; riginal photographs, but the views themselves are not marred by pins, numbers or guide lines. It was the purpose to prepare for each view such a careful and informative dissection as a skilled prosector of the old school might have been proud to demonstrate, and then to spare no pains in bringing each structure into full illumination and clear perspective. The success with which these objectives have been attained gives the atlas its unique value. “The excellence of the views in their finished form is due, first of all, to Dr. Bassett’s care in selecting and preserving the original material to his well-planned and skillful dissections, but in no less degree to the work of William B. Gruber who has combined unusual ability and extensive experience in scientific color photography to produce stereoscopic pictures almost completely free of shadows and reflections, with beautiful depth perspective and extraordinary illumination of deep-lying structures, recesses and foramina. One of the two colored views of each dissection was enlarged and traced against a grid which shows the magnification or reduction in each case. The tracings were then given adequate shading and a full set of labels which make it possible to identify all the major structures seen in the colored views. “In preparing the several sequences, the same subject was used so far as possible for all successive dissections in each series. This gives the individual runs a unity that otherwise they might lack and permits sufficient overlaps to provide an adequate orientation in passing from one view to the next. Where unexpected anomalies were encountered, or alternative dissections were called for, supplementary views are intercalated. “The atlas has a further advantage in being based entirely on new material, thus avoiding many of the errors which invari101 102 BOOKS ably creep into printed volumes. Labeling, of course, may involve a certain amount of interpretation and, within limits, even dissections sometimes betray the influence of preconceived ideas, but here every effort has been made to show natural relations exactly as they were found in the parts dissected. Unusual procedures and special techniques are resorted to only when they clearly add to the adequacy of the presentation. The professional anatomist will find in these views many of the satisfactions of a fresh dissection of his own, but with each step preserved at the point of its greatest perfection and not lost in the preparation of deeper structures. The surgeon and internist should find the compactness of form, easy accessibility and clarity of detail a real convenience when a quick review of topographical relations is desired. For the student the views will serve not only as an atlas but as an indication of what he himself might hope to accomplish in his own dissections. “Most teachers of anatomy agree that there is no adequate substitute for actual dissection, nor for the detailed descriptions in the standard texts, but few teachers and fewer students fail to appreciate the value of plates and even diagrams as aids in fixing anatomical relationships in the mind. These views will serve that purpose admirably, but they will go beyond the usual mnemonic devices in providing a realistic picture that cannot be achieved by two-dimensional drawings or diagrams. Moreover, unlike diagrams, the views do not call for reinterpretation. Beginning students will probably find it expedient to use the individual reels one at a time, studying the views at home, or taking them to the laboratory where they can serve the purpose of well-planned prosections or be used for comparison with dissections currently in progress. They may then be kept as convenient and immediately available records or reminders of the ground that has been covered. If desired, they may be regrouped to meet the immediate needs of the user, for which purpose the very complete index will be found helpful. “For further details the reader must be referred to the atlas itself. It may be noted in passing, however, that there is enough plasticity in its organization to permit the addition or substitution of new views when they become available. As it stands the atlas may be commended to students, teachers, and practitioners as a concise, accurate, and graphic survey of human anatomy, skillfully executed and artistically presented.” In the preparation of specimens for dissection, the blood has been washed out of the vessels before embalming in order to avoid discoloration, and color has been preserved by Jores’ method. Arteries have been colored red, either by latex injection or by painting their outer surface. Veins have been similarly colored in blue. All the views are of actual human tissues, not of models. In appropriate places, a few roentgenograms have been included to show detailed anatomy or to illustrate clinical radiographic views. The volumes already published are listed with the date of publication, size, and price: Section I: Central Nervous System, 1952, 4 volumes, $27.50 Section 11: Head and Neck, 1954, 5 volumes, $38.50 Section 111: Upper Extremity, 1955, 3 volumes, $22.50 Section IV: Thorax, 1958, 2 volumes, $16.50 Section V: Abdomen, 1960, 2 volumes, $16.50 Section VI: Pelvis, 1961, 2 volumes, $19.50 Two more sections are in preparation, Section VII, Lower Extremity, and VIII Back. A volume is composed of two parts, a page of pockets containing 10 View-Master reels and 70 pages of drawings and text. A reel contains the two stereo transparencies of 7 views on Kodachrome, the size of a 16 mm motion picture frame. In each section, the first volume contains a table of contents listing all the views, and the last volume contains a rather detailed index. If the view of a particular structure is desired, the reader may conveniently determine the appropriateness of each index reference by consulting the drawing and text material before examining the transparency. A clearer estimate of the atlas may be obtained by a few comments concerning the sections received for review. In the Head and Neck, a view of the orbital por- 103 BOOKS tion of the skull is enlarged two diameters and contains 30 clearly depicted and labeled details. All the intricacies of the middle ear are shown in a number of enlarged views. The lymph nodes and fascias of the neck are there and one can but marvel at the good fortune or persistent search that went into the author’s selection of material. Highlights of the section on the upper limb are the views of the brachial plexus and the relations and intricacies of the shoulder joint. The tendon sheaths and fascia1 structures of the hand are skillfully dissected, although the mechanism of the extensor tendons of the fingers might be more complete. In all parts the arteries are shown in detail except that anastomoses are not usually in evidence although injected specimens might be expected to show very small arterial terminations in the enlarged views of the joints. The first volume of the section on the thorax is largely devoted to the heart. The serial dissections of the interior of the heart in situ are quite complete and convey an understanding of the structural relationships not obtained in any other description or atlas. The second volume goes into the internal structure of the lungs, including the bronchopulmonary segments and their relationship to bronchi and vessels. In the deeper dissections of the mediastinum, the lymphatic structures about the base of the heart and tracheal bifurcation are shown in their continuity and connections. The dissections of the cardiac plexus are truly remarkable. The views of dissections in the section of the Pelvis seem to be taken from a number of specimens. This permits serial views from both anterior and lateral aspects which are particularly helpful in visualizing the usually baffling relationships in the perineum. The review would not be complete without a comment about the View-Master stereoscopic system. The reels are 9 cm in diameter constructed of a hard, durable composition. A small window in the hand viewer allows one to see the number of the view in place for inspection. The small pieces of color film must be held in place with great precision. Until recently the Sawyer Company has had a View-Master camera on the market and a machine for cutting the views from regular 35 mm Kodachrome. This also operates with remarkable precision and we hope to adapt the camera with a focusing back in order to take pictures of embryos through a stereo dissecting microscope. When the View-Master projector is used, the audience must wear Polaroid spectacles which are obtainable at a very modest price. This atlas in its entirety is the work of three collaborating individuals, the anatomist, the photographer, and the designer of the viewing mechanism. The final result would not have been possible without the contribution of the genius of all three. CHARLES MAYOGoss