Laman utama Political Science Book Review: The Comparative Study of Revolutionary Strategy. Mostafa Rejai. New York: David McKay...
Memberitahu tentang masalahThis book has a different problem? Report it to us
Periksa Ya jika Periksa Ya jika Periksa Ya jika Periksa Ya jika
Anda dapat membuka file ini
file ini mengandung buku (termasuk juga komik)
Isi buku ini dapat diterima
Judul, Penulis, dan Bahasa file ini sesuai dengan deskripsi buku. Abaikan kolom lain, ini sekunder!
Periksa Tidak jika Periksa Tidak jika Periksa Tidak jika Periksa Tidak jika
- file ini rusak
- file ini dilindungi oleh DRM
- file ini bukan buku (misalnya xls, html, xml)
- file ini adalah artikel
- file ini adalah kutipan buku
- file ini adalah majalah
- file ini adalah tes kosong
- file ini adalah spam
Anda berpendapat bahwa isi buku ini tidak dapat diterima dan harus diblokir
Judul, Penulis, dan Bahasa file ini tidak sesuai dengan deskripsi buku. Abaikan kolom lain!
Change your answer
Book Reviews partner, particularly peeved at the result, threatened to go national and, although soon after backing away, has intermittently alluded to this in subsequent years. Ultimately, of course, in July 1979 the unthinkable transpired in the election of its leader, the redoubtable Franz Josef Strauss, as the CDU-CSU shadow Chancellor for the 1980 general election. The viability of the governing coalition has also been at issue because of the frequent temptations laid before the F D P to desert the Government and rejoin a CDU coalition as in earlier days, and the resurgence of left-wing young socialists. The emergence in State Elections of minority Ecology and Citizens Initiative Groups is also unsettling, although here the five per cent election clause has proved to be a formidable hurdle i n the past. A certain institutional uncertainty also now rests with the more partisan upper house, the Bundesrat, given its anti-government majority, bordering at times on the two-thirds majority which would make Federal Government activities extremely difficult. The alleged illiberalities in the administration of the radicals decree and the emergency and anti-terrorist legislation has been worrying to some observers and, internationally, the growing independence and flexing of muscles evident in the floating of effective Findlandization proposals in 1979, have all reinforced a certain volatility and uncertainty in German politics. Yet faced with the same intractable post-industrial issues as many other societies of economic management, energy imperatives, and maintenance of a reformist thrust in straightened economic circumstances, the German Government has appeared reasonably effective. This collection on the 1976 election, then, is most useful although perhaps inevitably somewhat incomplete in portending future possible outcomes. Nonetheless, it enables us to contrast the normal non-polarised character of this election with the wider choices and clear differentiation between the two major blocs evident in 1972 a; nd again likely to charactcrise the 1980 national election. COLINL. RUBENSTEIN Monash University The Comparative Study of Revolutionary Strategy. Mostafa Rejai. New York: David McKay Company, 1977, pp. xi, 194, $3.95. From Mobilisation to Revolution. Charles Tilly. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1978, pp. xiii, 349, $11.15. Mostafa Rejai’s volume is a very limited contribution to arguments about the nature and character of revolutionary strategy. It has the advantage of stating its definitions explicitly and then proceeds to set up a typology of revolutionary strategy. This presentation reveals a certain mechanical approach to the problems of analysis which is only further exposed in the limited discussions of three case studies, Bolivia, North Vietnam and France 1968. His discussion adds little to our understanding of what is involved in the revolutionary process nor the factors that contribute to succcss or failure. The book would seem to be intended for use as a text book but it docs not pose the problems in a way that would make for an extended or good level discussion of what is involved in the analysis of revolutionary strategy or the fate of revolutionary initiatives. Charles Tilly’s work is quite a different matter. It takes the complexity of the study seriously and it is one for which the author has demonstrated past expertise. The author dcscribes this book as being a version of ‘stone soup’ and it certainly has some of that character. It is both rich in argument and full of variety and is also, at times, very flavoursome. It has some of the characteristics (and limitations) of a text book. For example, simplistic diagrams are used to illustrate points that could be (and in some instances were) better treated in the text. Unlike Rejai’s volume, this book should be able to sustain tutorial arguments if it were used as a text book or the key reference in courses on collective action o r revolutionary movements. When considering this book as something other than a potential textbook, it is difficult to assess its virtues. It is clearly argued and full of suggestions for research 195 Downloaded from pnz.sagepub.com at SIMON FRASER LIBRARY on June 5, 2016 Book Reviews and interpretation. It does not have the same impressive qualities as the author‘s previously published works o n these themes. The basic propositions are set out in a series of hypotheses about the circumstances, ends and character of collective behaviour. The major problems with these assumptions result from the limitations imposed by the perspective of collective behaviour. Collective bchaviour is treated in isolation from the prevailing characteristics of the political and social process. Yet it is clear that Tilly’s arguments could be generalised to provide a model of politics and political systems in which the notions of interests, organisation, mobilisation and c o d i o t would be essential characteristics. If the scope of the model were extended, it would not be possible to treat government as simply an institution concerned with the control of the means of coercion to preserve an existing system of inequalities or to alter the shape of the polity. It cannot be doubted that n major part of the state’s actions are concerned with such a task. Nonetheless, it is important to consider the non-coercive actions of the state, especially in the circumstances that now prevail, where state participation in the economy is a crucial part of the process of economic reproduction. Neither of the volumes is as suggestive or as challenging as Theda Skocpal’s recently published States and Social Revolution (Cambridge University Press, 1979). Skocpal criticises Tilly’s treatment of the state as too limited, as it is her intention to focus the argument about revolution o n the distinctive character of the state and the state system. Though her treatment of Marxist views of the state, which she erroneously sees as being essentially similar to the position taken by Tilly, is deficicnt and ignores much of the important work recently done within that tradition, her arguments about the comparative history of the French, Russian and Chinese revolutions are always subtle, interesting and full of intriguing problems. DOUGMCEACHEKN University of Adelaide Year of Fire, Year af Ash. The Soweto Revolt: Roots of a Revolution. B. Hirson. London: Zed Press, 1979, pp. 348, f6.50. One Azania, One Nation. Tbe National Question in South Africa. N. Sizwe. London: Zed Press, 1979, pp. 215, f8.50. These two books are from the lists of a relatively new publishing company, Zed Press (57 Caledonian Road, London), whose stated aim is the publication and distribution of “radical, socialist and Marxist” literature concerned with the Third World. Both of these books analyse aspects of the situation in South Africa, a country not n ~ r m a l l ythought of as part of the Third World, but here the publishers are rightly concerned with the position of the country’s non-white population rather than with any national indices of wealth. The title of the first book, Year of Fire, Year of Ash, is the final line of a poem by Oupa Thando Mthimkulu on the events that occured in Soweto in 1976. It is the political significance of those events that attracts Hirson. The author currently teaches at the School of Peace Studies, University of Bradford; previously he had taught as a physicist in South Africa until his Marxism resulted in a ten-year prison stay. For all Hirson’s commitment to revolution, and the publisher‘s stated aim, the book is remarkably free of the sectarian jargon that often dulls Marxist analyses. In fact, the book is eminently readable, with a wealth of data and a n extensive list of reference material. The book is divided into three parts. The first deals with the events that led up to Soweto, and concentrates o n the history of black education, particularly the development of black activism at school and in the universities. There is extensive comment o n the South African Students Organisation and its first president, Biko, and not all of it is favourable. Hirson apologizes in advance for his criticism of certain individuals and orgaaisations, but a critical appraisal of people like Biko 196 Downloaded from pnz.sagepub.com at SIMON FRASER LIBRARY on June 5, 2016